Interview as an approach of collecting information: strategy of questions
It’s important to tell apart interviews as a technique of collecting information and interviewing being a genre. That is, communication with people, is one of three ways to obtain information by a researcher in the first case, interview. Two different ways are:
- observation, as soon as the researcher himself is an eyewitness of this event,
- using the services of documents, where in actuality the document means any product carrier texts that are containing pictures.
Kinds of interviews and their purpose
Interviews as an approach of data gathering in change are divided into:
- genre (for preparation of text within the genre of interview),
- investigative (for information),
- reportage (to spot the traits of someone, then to mirror them when you look at the text).
The reportage meeting was talked about when you look at the past chapter. Concerning the investigative shall find out within the chapter on information retrieval. The theme with this chapter is meeting being a genre, as being a method of text formatting by means of concerns from a interviewer while the answers of this interlocutor. During the same time there is an interview-monologue at one pole, where in actuality the amount of concerns associated with the researcher is minimized (they generally are not any after all), in the other pole – a discussion, as soon as the journalist not just asks concerns, but additionally talks much with lengthy arguments.
The fact that the interview is a discussion, shows in regards to the same level of replicas of the journalist and interlocutor. The interviewer answers take 70-90% of the text in the usual pay for writing essays interview. A discussion could be carried out with a journalist, by authority comparable to the interlocutor, so the viewpoint with this journalist was additionally interesting to readers, once the viewpoint regarding the interlocutor. This is a sign of insufficient qualification if an ordinary journalist speaks as much or more in an interview as an interlocutor.
Forms of interviews according to the subject. Topic meeting
With respect to the subject, you will find three types of interviews:
Topic of the interview that is subject hawaii of things in any field of activity. Usually this might be an interview with a professional, a genre of rational publicism. The interlocutor is interesting towards the journalist exactly as much as he could be linked to this situation. As an example, a police officer informs simple tips to protect a condo from thieves. A doctor describes simple tips to protect your self through the flu epidemic. The advisor that is financial a forecast just how long the crisis would be regarding the change. Neither the interlocutor’s opinion on problems that deviate through the meeting subject, nor the life that is private of interlocutor is of great interest.
The structure of this subject interview consists of three parts. First, they show the interlocutor’s reference to the topic. Then there’s a parsing for the subject for the intended purpose of its presentation, clarification and evaluation. The interview that is subject aided by the streamlining of what was stated, summarizing, practical tips to readers.
The hero of this subject meeting can also be an eyewitness or participant in case. This can be a given information interview, one of many news genres. The task associated with journalist is always to learn as much as possible the details and information on just what took place. The interlocutor’s communication with the topic is first shown, then the topic is deepened, and the ending is devoted to general impressions of what happened and the conclusions that the interlocutor made as in the case of an expert.